Hiking Koko Crater Trail in Honolulu, Hawaii: 1,048 Stairs of Doom

As with all enduring love affairs, my relationship with Koko Crater Trail is both simple and complicated.

It all started back in 2012 with my first Koko Crater summit foray (All tongue-in-cheek, of course; a volcanic tuff cone hardly counts as summit bid fare, I know!). I’d heard veteran hikers’ whispered war stories for years, but the trail was only a mile long. How bad could it be? I thought.

Oh, humble pie!

I’ll spare you the gory details, but suffice it to say I came dangerously close to tossing my cookies over the better part of East Oahu that summer afternoon. They don’t dub Koko Crater “The Stairmaster from Hell” for nothing. With a whopping 1,048 Stairs of Doom scaling 1,200 vertical feet in half a mile, this Honolulu trail certainly lives up to its devilish moniker of pain.

Attempt #2 ended just as poorly as Attempt #1, save for some small measure of consolation in having stopped before gastric distress induced Code Red status a second time around. Dreaded stair #750 had foiled me again! Third time’s the charm, or at least that’s what I told myself as I headed down the mountain (er, cone?)-side, licking my wounds.

Koko Crater had proven a worthy nemesis; I would never make the mistake of underestimating her again. I trained hard. Did Insanity for a month. Hiked with a vengeance. And the next time I returned, I knew the sweet triumph of reaching the top. I must have been grinning like an idiot that final, fateful step because a fellow hiker greeted me with an enthusiastic high-five and prophetic words.

“First time?” he asked.

I nodded, mostly because I was too busy trying to remember how to breathe to actually answer.

He gave me a knowing smile. “Won’t be your last. Koko Head’s addictive.”

I couldn’t have imagined the truth to his statement then, busy as I was trying not to die, but the kind stranger had foreseen my future with Yoda-like sagacity. In the years since, Koko Crater has become my favorite, most-despised workout regime. 1,048 stairs up, 1,048 stairs down. It’s never easy. It’s always hard. I love it. I hate it. And I am hopelessly and utterly addicted.

View of Koko Crater from the Koko Head Regional Park parking lot. The faint brown line tracing the left side of the “mountain” is the trail.
Stair 1–it’s a big one! Erosion has washed away the underside of the first step, so it’s a bit of a climb but a very fitting beginning. 😀

Koko Crater’s “stairs” are wooden railroad ties, vestiges of an old military railway used to transport cargo to pillbox bunkers during WWII. Over the years, the railroad ties have fallen into despair, and though the stairs are neither sanctioned nor maintained by the state, the trail remains popular with both fitness buffs and visitors alike.

You can see the disrepair here; trail angels have added wooden planks and cement blocks for support to many sections to aid hikers on their climb

When hiking, it’s helpful to consider the trail in three sections: 1) pre-bridge, or the first 500 stairs, 2) the bridge itself, comprising 100 stairs, and 3) post-bridge, the final 400 stairs.

Pre-Bridge, the First 500 Stairs

Stair height varies throughout the pre-bridge section, with most stairs measuring a fairly comfortable foot and a half tall. Hikers tend to fall into two distinct camps here: Team Push and Team Pace. Personal experience lands me firmly on the side of the latter (Summit attempts #1 and #2, I’m looking at you), but others prefer to push early-on to compensate for slower post-bridge times. Both strategies yield success, but it’s important to note that the final 400 stairs are significantly harder than the first 600. Post-bridge, the trail steepens dramatically, and railroad ties are fixed at a near 90 degree angle to the mountain. Slow and steady might mean a little ego bruising while other hikers overtake me here, but anything that keeps puking at bay is golden in my book. I’ve watched enough people get sick after the bridge to remember how close I came to doing the same!

And…we’re off! Koko Crater Trail, May 2017. Many thanks to my dear friend for humoring me once again with blog photos!
Stair height and distance between railroad ties varies with each step. Hard on the lungs and legs, but perfect for conditioning
The trail gets busy with the early-morning and after-work rush. It’s quite narrow, too, so stepping off the tracks is the best way to pass or let others pass

Seeking out the 100-stair “markers” that fellow hikers have inked on the railroad rails keeps me motivated…and ever mindful that Stair 300 is where things start getting real. Luckily, there’s quite a view to be had already, equal parts reward and incentive to spur the weary (ie: me) on.

Stair 300. Hikers have inked in stair markers in increments of 100 along the railroad ties.


View from Stair 300, taken in 2012 summer. With winter and spring rains, Koko Crater is lush and green. Summertime views are more brown and parched like this.

Stair 500: The Bridge (a.k.a. You’re Halfway There!)

Stair 500 brings us to the halfway point: The Bridge. The railroad ties continue here without discernible break, but unlike in the previous section, this portion of rail free-floats 15-20 feet above the ground. While the slats aren’t wide apart enough to fall through, they’re large enough to warrant a broken ankle or leg should you slip. Unfortunately, EMS rescues are not uncommon in this area, and though I’d love to cite that as my reason for skirting the bridge and taking a land detour, who am I kidding? I’m the biggest ‘fraidy cat around when it comes to exposed heights. EMS incidents or no, there’ll be no crossing that rickety bridge for me! Luckily, there’s a side path that skirts the bridge’s entirety, rejoining the main trail just past Stair 600. Here, the railroad ties are firmly rooted to the mountainside again. If you look to the right of the bridge, you will see a well-worn dirt path that wusses like me cling to with gratitude. 😀

The rickety bridge–no, thank you! I considered climbing a stair or two to get a better picture, but decided I liked living better. 😀
Looking back from the bridge, Hanauma Bay and Hawaii Kai in the distance
Looking back towards Hanauma Bay from the Bridge. The view is already pretty great from here, and it only gets better!

Post-Bridge: the Final 400 Stairs of Doom

The post-bridge finale is truly a test of mental and physical fortitude. No matter how many times I complete Koko Crater, Stair 750 always, always vexes me. It’s where I consider throwing in the towel, every single time. Here, the stairs steepen from a 45 degree incline to a daunting near-90 vertical climb. Stair height increases dramatically as well. At 5’3”, I often have to lift my legs 2-3 feet between steps, reverting to all fours to hoist myself up. Time and weather have eroded the gravelly dirt between stairs to well below stair-line, and many of the wooden railroad ties are narrow and broken as well, making for sketchy footing. How’s a girl to get to the top? “Eyes on the prize” is a mantra that serves many well, but I prefer to keep my eyes fixed upon the ground–one stair at a time, one foot at a time–until I’m past Stair 900 and safely past my mental quitting zone.

Stair 750 is no joke, and it only gets steeper from here! Take heart, though–you’re almost there!
So close and still so far…climbing toward Stair 800. It’s hard to see it here, but the distance between stairs is sometimes 2-3 feet.

But oh, to stand–or collapse, as it were–on the summit! There is nothing more glorious. To experience the beautiful camaraderie found at the top of Koko Crater is to understand the Aloha Spirit indeed. Strangers evolve into friends over fist bumps and high-fives. War stories are shared and commiserated. And always, Koko Crater veterans pay it forward, shouting encouragement to first-timers hundreds of feet below. “Don’t quit now! You’re almost there–push!” is a happy onus to bear.

The view from the top, Koko Crater Trail May 2017. That mountain on the distant right is the backside of Diamond Head.
The view from the top, Summer 2012. You can see how different the trail and surrounding hills look during the summer.
What goes up must come down, and in some ways, going down can be even trickier than climbing up.
Side-stepping works well for heading down safely. No shame in my game: I have no pride and will frequently use my hands to keep 3 points of contact on the way down.
Heading down Koko Crater Trail with views of Hanauma Bay and Hawaii Kai in the distance.

True, Koko Crater’s beautiful views of Hanauma Bay, Diamond Head, and the Ko’olaus are without rival, but I’d venture that the hike’s appeal lies less in its views (delightful though they may be) and more in the singular opportunity to challenge oneself. The stairs demand a unique skillset, delivering circuit training, strength training, and interval training in one convenient and grueling package–gorgeous views simply sweeten the deal. Koko Head’s short mile-long length also lends itself to weekly repetition, a boon to goal-oriented junkies who enjoy quantifying fitness gains. Given our hurts-so-good masochistic tendencies, this quad and glute (and lung!) burner has earned a weekly spot in our training regime. There’s nothing more gratifying than watching recovery times between spurts improve or seeing your time to the summit drop to thirty minutes or less! No matter how many times you claw your way to the top, Koko Crater never gets old. Fitness goals may change and evolve, but the challenge itself? Always there.

1,048 stairs up. 1,048 stairs down. It’s never easy. It’s always hard. Love it and hate it–Koko Crater Trail is the stuff of maddeningly sweet addiction.

15 thoughts on “Hiking Koko Crater Trail in Honolulu, Hawaii: 1,048 Stairs of Doom”

  1. I can totally understand why you have a love-hate relationship with this monster of a workout. I love your humorous (after the deed) account of Koko Crater. We have a similar stairmaster from hell in Vancouver called the Grouse Grind. It’s 2830 steps, 1.8 miles, 28ooft gain. Doing the mental math, yours is steeper and I can’t even begin to imagine how awful this is. My relationship with The Grind is more hate than love. It never gets easier, I always feel like I’m going to toss my cookies (or worse), and the steps seem to get bigger every year (at 5’2″ you’ve got me by an inch). It is however the ultimate workout. Plus we get a gondola ride down (restricted to uphill hiking after too many accidents on the downhill). It would be fun (no…masochistic fun) to try each other’s “stairs of doom”.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ack, I’m exhausted just thinking about the Grouse Grind; I can’t even begin to fathom that level of pain! Triple the steps, triple the vertical gain–holy crow, the Grind sounds like one mega-monster of a beast. Koko Crater sounds like child’s play next to that (and now I’m suddenly grateful for those 1000 stairs, lol). I give you so much credit for doing the Grind–and multiple times at that, no less. Talk about taking masochism to new heights–literally! 😀 I had to laugh at your comment about the steps getting bigger. My friend and I did Koko Crater yesterday, and we could’ve sworn that was the case here, too. Must be the same Stair Sadists messing with our trails. 😉

      Liked by 1 person

      1. At least you’re out doing it. I have avoided it so far this season (can always use the too much rain excuse). You must come to Vancouver sometime for that extra level of painful fun!


  2. We are about an hour from a similar challenge: the Manitou Incline at the foot of Pikes Peak near Colorado Springs. 2,200 vertical feet in less than a mile. We haven’t done it yet, but our daughters have. If I ever conquer it, I’m sure I’ll be posting about it.


    Liked by 1 person

    1. Your daughters are brave souls! I’ve read about the Manitou Incline, and it looks like a beast. So great to hear that your girls inherited your hiking love. Hmm, an hour away, you say? I’ll look forward to reading your Manitou Incline trip report soon! 😉


  3. This is one serious workout! Every week, wow and double wow! This hike seems like it is as much a mental workout (to not quit! Or puke) as a physical one. That bridge is no joke and the stairs after step 750 seems like they go on forever. The views must be that much more beautiful when you’ve earned it. I’m so impressed with all of the preparation for your trip, from the food to the training! 😄

    Liked by 2 people

    1. I keep thinking that the trail will get easier the more we do it, but apparently, my body hasn’t gotten the memo yet, lol. It’s definitely a great workout, though, and I love that it’s short enough to fit in after work. Great reminder about noticing the views…aiming for less dying, more noticing from here on out! 😀

      Liked by 1 person

    1. I’ve heard wonderful things about FestPac; I’m sure it will be an enjoyable trip. So happy to hear that the hike piqued your interest…looking forward to reading about your Koko Crater experience in a few years!


  4. Wow. I almost felt the burn in my thighs and knees from reading the post. The photos of the stairs both looking up and down gave me dizziness. I would no question use the 3-point contact as well. I agree that this hike seems to be more for personal challenge. Nevertheless, the view is so stunning that it makes the painful climb even more worthwhile.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I’m always amazed at the millennials who run down this trail like it’s paved, flat road while I inch down with my 3 points of contact. I have no shame, though–I’d go with 4 points if I could, lol! You’re right–Koko Crater’s definitely more about the challenge than the views. There are so many easier trails with better views; I always feel bad for tourists when I see them getting sick halfway up.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Wow, when we come to Hawaii for our visit, I probably won’t have you include that hike on our itinerary..


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